TOC for Education: Global Expansion

TOC for Education: Global Expansion

What is TOC for Education

TOCfE growing worldwide

Origins The Theory of Constraints for Education (TOCfE) was founded in 1995 by the late Dr Eliyahu Goldratt (1947-2011) with the goal to spread the logic based thinking and communication…

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Parents

Parents

Parents

Working with teachers to develop young minds

  Parents supporting their children's learning and behaviour development, and improved self-reliance.  Parents naturally want the best for their children. Most parents do whatever they can within their means to…

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Teachers

Teachers

Teachers

Thinking tools for teaching

  There are currently more than 250,000 educators teaching the TOC thinking tools in more than 24 countries around the world. Australia has now joined numerous European, South American and Asian…

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Students of all ages

Students of all ages

Stimulating students minds

Helping kids of all ages, backgrounds and abilities.  Page under construction

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School Administrators

School Administrators

School Administrators

School administrator

Theory of Constraints is a methodology to logically identify and overcome key limitations that prevent a person, organisation or system from achieving its goal.   Leadership in schools comes from…

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TOCfE Conference 2018

TOCfE Conference 2018

Frontpage Slideshow (by JoomlaWorks)

TOCfE Conference 2018

  TOC for Education Inc 16th International Conference  November 29 – December 1, 2018 Gdansk, Poland     Venue: European Solidarity Centre Conference Fee: US$275 ($350 after October 31)) To Register www.tocforeducation.com…

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Cloud Set


The Cloud is a TOC thinking tool that analyses the details of a conflict, assists in taking meaningful action or making a decision in a fair, concise and non provocative way.


conflict

 

How much stress is there in our daily lives from the drama arising out of conflicts that have not been effectively resolved - in the home, classroom, workplace and our communities?  

There are many unsatisfactory ways in dealing with conflicts: Avoidance, denial, bullying, unsatisfactory compromise, tug-of-war, and more… These responses usually result in one side wins, the other side loses. Many times it’s lose-lose for both parties. Unresolved conflicts often lead to escalation and deepening of the conflict. Attempts to settle disputes through compromise frequently leave all parties dissatisfied because important needs were compromised. Frustration, blame and bad feelings often remain. For many this can lead to walls of distrust, broken relationships and in some cases impulsive and less desirable behaviours which cause further conflict with others and with themselves. Many feel at a loss at what to do. Sometimes it is a downward spiral.

The Answer: Win - Win Conflict Resolution

The TOC Conflict Cloud is a structured, graphic and practical tool enabling people to effectively analyse internal and external conflicts whether they are in a textbook, on the playground or within a school management team.

Conflict clouds can be constructed for any situation where there is a choice or a decision to be made.

conflict cloud

Instead of you and me fighting over what we WANT, we can tackle the problem together so that we both satisfy our NEEDS, leading to a win-win conflict resolution. 

Applied to curriculum the Cloud enables students to relate content to their everyday lives and to actively engage in more focused and meaningful classroom discussions regardless of their level of academic skill.

Applied to behaviour the Cloud enables students to think for themselves and make more responsible decisions.


 The Cloud analyses the detail of the conflict by asking five guiding questions:

  1. What do I WANT?
  2. What does s/he WANT?
  3. What is my NEED?
  4. What is her/his NEED?
  5. What is our Common OBJECTIVE?"
  • The Cloud's structure is built of five boxes connected by logical arrows. Each box answers one of the five questions to help describe the conflict.
  • The broken arrow symbolises the conflict - the WANTS cannot exist simultaneously.
  • The NEED is the reason why each side insists on getting what s/he WANTS.


The COMMON OBJECTIVE is a situation both sides wish to have, but in order for it to exist each side must satisfy his/her NEEDS.

Additional guided questions are provided for deeper analysis to reveal the underlying reasons or assumptions in the logical connections between the boxes. These assumptions are needed to provoke the thinking required to create simple and practical solutions.


Win - Win Solutions using the Cloud Technique

Win-win solutions enable both sides to satisfy Win - Win conflict resolutiontheir significant NEEDS. The problem is that in order to satisfy the NEEDS each side insists on getting conflicting WANTS. Thinking win-win requires us to shift the focus from getting what we WANT to satisfying what we NEED.

When students analyse curriculum content using the Cloud, they also learn to think and communicate more effectively. They can learn curriculum content and a life skill at the same time.


 Behaviour Applications:

  • Counselling
  • Peer mediation
  • Classroom management
  • Life management skills
  • Conflict resolution among staff
  • Parent conferences

Applied to behaviour, the Cloud enables students to think for themselves.

It can be used to analyse both, internal conflicts in order to enable more responsible and satisfying decisions and choices, and external conflicts to resolve disputes peacefully.

Benefits of using the Cloud in behaviour situations:

  • Enables understanding of problems from all points of view
  • Enables more responsible decisions and choices that accommodate the NEEDS of others
  • Creates ownership of responsible solutions and commitment to their implementation
  • Develops emotional understanding and empathy
  • Improves clarity of language and focuses communication
  • Turns the problem away from 'you against me' to 'you and me against the problem'
  • Develops initiative to responsibly solve own problems
  • Substantially improves relationships

Curriculum Content Applications:

  • Analysis of narrative and informational text (oral or written)
  • Development of communication skills (oral and written)

Applied to curriculum content, the Cloud provides a scaffold to assist students in analysing conflicts, actions and decisions in narrative and informational text in a way that deepens their understanding and enhances their ability to communicate what they have learned.

Benefits of using the Cloud in content applications:

  • Enables students to clearly and succinctly retell and remember key points of text
  • Enhances ability to pull inferences from text
  • Focuses thinking beyond a literal interpretation
  • Enables students to understand deeper and broader perspectives of all sides of a problem or situation.
  • Relates existing curriculum to students' daily lives
  • Enables students to apply new knowledge to authentic situations
  • Evokes classroom discussion that is more focused and meaningful
  • Enables students to identify essential, yet less obvious details in text by surfacing assumptions underlying main ideas
  • Enhances ability to improve existing solutions and create new ones

With permission Kathy Suerken, International President TOC for Education

 


The Ambitious Target Tree is a TOC thinking tool to analyse and sequence the steps needed to achieve an ambitious goal or target, breaking the process into smaller, more manageable and logical steps.


The Ambitious Target Tree is a structured and systematic thinking tool that can be used to plan projects, address behaviour problems and analyse curriculum. An ambitious target is a positive and desirable objective that at first glance seems unreachable.

Althought this process is simple enough to be used with small children, it is equally effective in ensuring success for those who plan and manage school and system-wide projects. 

When students analyse curriculum content using the Ambitious Target Tree, they are also learning to think and communicate more effectively, learning curriculum content and a life skill at the same time.

Article by Linda TrapnellThe Tree enables teachers, students and anyone else to confidently work towards achieving personal or group goals. After the target or goal is clearly defined, individuals or group members identify obstacles to the target and then convert those obstacles into intermediate steps. This process is repeated until the final obstacle is overcome and the target achieved.  

  1. Define the ambitious target.
  2. Identify obstacles which block us from achieving the target.
  3. Identify intermediate objectives, ie. stepping stones, to overcome the obstacles raised.
  4. Arrange the intermediate objectives in the necessary step-by-step sequence to achieve the goal.
  5. Create and execute a plan to achieve the smaller intermediate objectives, one at a time, in logical sequence until the final obstacle is overcome and the target achieved.

 

Ambitious Target/Goal:

Obstacle

Intermediate Objective (I.O.)

How to achieve the objective - Plan

1.

1.

 

2.

2.

 

3.

3.

 
 

 

 

….More as necessary

   

 


Application to Student Behaviour and School-Wide Projects

  • Personal goal setting with students (behaviour and academic)
  • 'Contracts' with students and/or classes to improve conduct or to complete academic work
  • School improvement plans
  • School events

When applied to projects, the Ambitious Target Tree enables individuals and groups to think through the logical steps needed to ensure success.

Benefits of using the Ambitious Target Tree to improve behaviours and to plan school projects:

  • Ensures the target itself is clearly defined and understood
  • Provides more focused and deeper understanding of what is needed to ensure success
  • Improves clarity of communication 
  • Provides concrete, written plan that is logical and easy to follow
  • Evokes participation and commitment of all team members in group projects
  • Ensures genuine collaboration among team members
  • Eliminates non-essential actions that waste time
  • Fosters confidence and momentum needed to achieve a goal

 Curriculum Content Applications 

  • Analysis of narrative and informational text
  • Academic projects, group and individual
  • Development of communication skills (oral and written)
  • Lesson plans

Applied to curriculum content, the Ambitious Target Tree enables students to analyse events and procedures in a way that deepens their understanding and  ability to apply what they learn to their everyday lives.

When teachers use the Ambitious Target with students to develop a plan to achieve curriculum objectives (standards and benchmarks) students are able to verbalise not only what they need to learn but also their own responsibilities in the learning process.

Benefits of using the Ambitous Target Tree in curriculum content:

  • Deepens understanding of successes and failures in analysing events and procedures
  • Focuses thinking beyond a literal interpretation
  • Enables students to predict potential obstacles in text or projects and think through how to overcome them 
  • Enables students to logically sequence new knowledge
  • Enhances the ability to identify essential, yet less obvious, details in text or academic projects by thinking through the reasons for actions
  • Enables focused and meaningful classroom discussions
  • Enables students to logically plan a group or individual curriculum content project

With permission Kathy Suerken, International President TOC for Education

 

Logical Branch

 


The Branch is a TOC thinking tool to logically analyse and explain a structure of cause-and-effect connections.


The Branch (also referred to as the Logical or Consequence Branch) is used to understand cause-and-effect links between actions and consequences, make predictions, and create new and better solutions.

Acquiring knowledge through reasoning

For many learning situations the facts of a story may be arranged in various ways, e.g chronological, and often not in a logical cause-and-effect manner. Understanding and recall is greatly enhanced when the logical connections are exposed using the Branch. Students do not need to rely on memory to regurgitate facts, rather reveal the flow of logic that explains the story, idea or concept beginning to end.

The Logical Branch is a structured, dynamic and systematic thinking tool that can be used by students of all ages as well as by those who lead them. When students analyse curriculum content using the Logical Branch, they are also learning to think and communicate more effectively. They are learning curriculum content and a life skill at the same time.

Finding new and better solutions

In many instances when we hear or propose a new idea we get a "Yes, but...!" reaction. The Branch is a powerful tool to resolve the negative side effects of potentially good ideas.


The Branch describes, by drawing cause-and-effect connections, how an idea could lead to a negative outcome that we fear.

As a first step we will use the Branch to understand and analyse our concerns about implementing the idea, and as a second step to find a way to implement the idea without suffering from the negative implications.


Behaviour Applications:

  • Counselling
  • Classroom management
  • Life management skills
  • Parent conferences

Applied to behaviour, the Logical Branch enables students to think through consequences of their actions and behaviour.

If students identify these relationships themselves, they are much more likely to take corrective, responsible actions on their own. They not only gain confidence in their ability to solve their own problems but are often able to prevent conflicts with others. As a result, the learning environment is significantly improved.

Benefits of using the Branch in behaviour situations:

  • Enables students to understand why they should change behaviours or actions
  • Enables students to change behaviour without feeling the need to demonstrate their independence
  • Enables students to become more and more responsible for their own actions and behaviours
  • Enables students to develop the habit of 'thinking before acting'
  • Enables students to develop the academic skill of using cause-and-effect logic

 Curriculum Content Applications:

  • Analysis of narrative and informational text (oral or written)
  • Development of communication skills(oral and written)

Applied to content, the Logical Branch enables students to logically organise and explain information. Students are more likely to remember what they are learning because they are able to understand content through the logical connections embedded in the information.

Benefits of using the Branch in content applications:

  • Enables all students to meaningfully participate in lessons regardless of prior content knowledge
  • Enables students to clearly and succinctly retell and remember key points of text
  • Enhances ability to pull inferences from text
  • Enables students to identify essential, yet less obvious details in text by surfacing assumptions underlying main ideas
  • Focuses thinking beyond a literal interpretation
  • Enables students to derive answers instead of memorising them
  • Enables students to resolve inconsistencies in logic to support a position
  • Evokes classroom discussion that is more focused and meaningful

With permission Kathy Suerken, International President TOC for Education

Additional information